1852 – An Eventful Year for Hugo

The year 1852 was packed with significant events in the life of Hugo Rauss, except he was not aware that they were happening.  He was a baby.  First of all, Hugo was born on January 12th of 1852.  That birth took place in an area of southwest Germany known as Baden-Wurttemberg.  He was the son of Carl and Christina (Kinzler) Rauss.  Not long after his birth, his parents made a voyage to America aboard the ship, Liberty.  Here is that passenger list.  Hugo is described as being a ½ year old.  This ship arrived in America on September 18, 1852.

hugo rauss passenger list liberty 1852
Rauss family passenger list – Liberty 1852

Although I do not have any documentation for this, it appears that Hugo’s parents both died of cholera before the end of 1852 in Ft. Wayne, Indiana.  This information comes from a family history on Ancestry.com.  So, in the first year of his life, Hugo was born, made a voyage halfway around the world, and lost both of his parents.

Apparently, this baby then was raised by his aunt.  Her name was Gottliebe Rauss, Carl’s sister.  She was still single at the time.  She must have come to the United States on a different ship.

Now we must go to Perry County to look at the story of Wilhelm Adolph Bergt.  Wilhelm was a part of the Gesellschaft and traveled to America along with two brothers aboard the Copernicus.  All three brothers were described as weavers.

bergt brothers passenger list copernicus 1839
Bergt brothers – passenger list Copernicus

These three brothers settled in Frohna and lived on the property that is now the home of Saxon Lutheran Memorial.  Not long after arriving, Wilhelm married Lina Schubarth on March 1, 1840.  Lina was also part of the Gesellschaft, coming aboard the Johann Georg and traveling alone.  We have this civil record of that marriage.

bergt schubarth marriage record perry county mo
Bergt/Schubarth marriage record – Perry County, MO

This couple had no children, and then Lina died of cholera on July 6, 1849.  That is the same month when there was a terrible cholera epidemic in St. Louis.  I did find out that there also was a cholera epidemic in Fort Wayne, Indiana in 1849, three years before Hugo’s parents died.  After his wife died, Wilhelm made the decision to become a Lutheran pastor and headed off to go the seminary in Fort Wayne.  It was while there that he met and married Gottliebe Rauss.  This is a record of that marriage on January 5, 1854.

bergt rauss marriage record ft. wayne in
Bergt/Rauss marriage record – Ft. Wayne, IN

Wilhelm was willing to not only marry Gottliebe, but also take in her nephew, who was still a rather young boy.  Hugo became like the oldest son in the Bergt family.  Other children were born in Ohio where Rev. Bergt was a pastor, and then in 1866, he was called to be the pastor at Grace Lutheran Church in Uniontown, Missouri.  Wilhelm had returned to the county where he had once lived.  While he was here, Wilhelm was also involved in the early years of Salem Lutheran Church in Farrar.  This is how Hugo Rauss arrived in Perry County, where he would spend the rest of his life.

We see Hugo in the 1870 census from Cinque Hommes Township in Perry County.  If you just look at this census, you would think that he was Hugo Bergt, not Hugo Rauss.

hugo rauss 1870 census cinque hommes township mo
1870 census – Cinque Hommes Township, MO

Hugo was a 19 year old farmer living in the same household as the Lutheran minister, who was for all practical purposes his father.

On April 17, 1877, Hugo got married.  His bride was Catherine Ruhkopf.  Katherine also spent a portion of her early life being raised by a different father.  She was the daughter of Conrad and Anna (Beckmann) Ruhkopf of Scheeβel.  She was born on September 27, 1851 and baptized in Scheeβel.  Here is her baptism record.  It is in two images.

catharine ruhkopf baptism record 1 scheesel

catharine ruhkopf baptism record 2 scheesel
Catherine Ruhkopf baptism record – Scheessel, Germany

Conrad died in 1864, and Anna then married Heinrich Meier.  Then in 1867, Henry and Anna brought their family to America.  They sailed aboard the ship, Uhland.  We have this passenger list which contains a combination of Meier and Rukhopf passengers.

heinrich meier passenger list uhland 1867
Meier/Ruhkopf passenger list – Uhland 1867

Catherine was not on this list, so I think she may have came to America shortly thereafter.  The 1870 census for Brazeau Township shows this Meier family.

henry meier 1870 census brazeau township mo
1870 census – Brazeau Township, MO

Once again, you do not see Catherine, but we know she was part of this family because of the names listed in her baptism record.  Then, in 1877, Catherine married Hugo Rauss.  Here is a record of that marriage.

rauss ruhkopf marriage record perry county mo
Rauss/Ruhkopf marriage record – Perry County, MO

If you look closely, you will see that they were married by Hugo’s “father”, Rev. Wilhelm Bergt.

In early 1878, Hugo and Catherine had their first child.  She was born on her father’s birthday, January 12th.  So today, we not only have a birthday boy, but also a birthday girl.  We find the Rauss family in the 1880 census for the Salem Township.  Meanwhile, Rev. Bergt had taken a call to Nebraska in 1879.

hugo rauss 1880 census salem township mo
1880 census – Salem Township, MO

Our German Family Tree lists 9 children born into this family, the last one being born in 1893.  Then Catherine died in 1895 as a result of a bladder disease at the age of 43.

Hugo was a farmer most of his life, but in one census, it says he was the church janitor.  I assume that was at Salem Lutheran Church in Farrar where his children were baptized.  Hugo died in 1936 at the age of 84.  Here is his death certificate.

hugo rauss death certificate
Hugo Rauss death certificate

Hugo and Catharine are both buried in the Salem Lutheran Cemetery in Farrar.


I will also show the gravestone of today’s birthday girl, Anna Rauss Stueve.

anna rauss stueve gravestone salem farrar mo
Anna Stueve gravestone – Salem, Farrar, MO

Hugo got off to a rough start back in 1852, but by the time it was all over, he was survived by 9 children and many others who called him Grandpa.










4 thoughts on “1852 – An Eventful Year for Hugo

  1. Hugo was my Great Grandfather. His son Henry was my grandfather. Frances Rauss Inselman was my mother. They were a very close and loving family. My moms youngest brother Walt is 90 and still living in Norfolk Nebraska as the family had moved to Wayne NE when my mom was 12 years old. I loved Farrar when we visited with my mom and family many years back. Time to come visit again soon! Lots of history there that is to cherish! Thank you for the stories from this area.
    Sheryl Cattau


  2. Warren,
    Thank you so much for writing this article! Hugo Rauss was my Great-Great Grandfather. I shared this information with my dad, Edwin Stueve and he learned a lot about his great grandfather. I printed it off so he has a copy of it. I will send Sandi a picture of Anna Rauss Stueve. Keep up the good work!!!
    Debbie Haertling

    Liked by 1 person

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